Buildings in the past have provided the essentials: shelter, temperature control and safety at the same efficiency level for years. But newer buildings, or refurbished structures that have been implemented with features of smart technology are collection of complex systems and structures are able to provide an inter-connected network with intelligent and adaptable software. Modern buildings contain complex mechanical devices, sophisticated control systems and a suite of features to improve the safety, comfort and productivity of occupants. Many of these systems involve machine-to-machine communication, but because the data is general in nature and the communication protocols have been proprietary, information only flows along certain paths. The smart building will require connectivity between all the equipment and systems in a building.
Smart buildings ensure that occupants are more productive with core systems such as lighting, ventilation, security (cyber and physical), heating, meters, pumps, alarms, sensors, controls and elevators. Making use of automated processes to automatically control the building’s operations. A smart building uses sensors, actuators and microchips, in order to collect data and manage it according to a business’ functions and services. This infrastructure helps owners, operators and facility managers improve asset reliability and performance, which reduces energy use, optimizes how space is used and minimizes the environmental impact of buildings.
Infrastructures that have shifted to smart building initiative include office buildings, educational facilities (scaling from small schools to universities consisting multiplex campuses/buildings), hospitals and health care facilities, stadiums etc.